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By Dr. A. Socin

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Studying the type of elements mixed as well as at the grammatical development of the two languages are said to be helpful for analyzing early mixes in child speech, since language mixing will show different patterns before and after the acquisition of lexical items and the instantiation of grammar. 4 MIXING AND LANGUAGE DOMINANCE OR IMBALANCE This section reviews studies which propose that an imbalance of the two languages in the bilingual child is the reason for language mixing, although they all assume that children have two different language systems from the beginning.

Gawlitzek-Maiwald 2001). What the authors then propose is to take a closer look at the mixed utterances at exactly the period between age 2;4 and 2;7, when the IP is evident in German but not in English. Gawlitzek-Maiwald & Tracy claim that the mixed utterances are evidence for the use of a German IP in English constructions. Since she does not have the possibility to access the English structure yet, Hannah takes advantage of the German structure she has already acquired and fills the gaps in her English with it.

Moreover, it is not clear 18 K AT J A F. C A N TO N E in which context these words have been uttered. This would have helped to categorize them as belonging to one of the two languages, which they definitely do. In arguing against the unitary language system hypothesis, Genesee (1989) makes two basic claims with respect to language separation. Firstly, most studies on mixing in bilingual language acquisition show several methodological faults, therefore generating a high amount of mixed utterances.

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Arabic Grammar by Dr. A. Socin

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