By Ho-Won Jeong (eds.)
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Additional resources for Approaches to Peacebuilding
For many countries, externally planned economic transition is painful. The restructuring demanded by institutions such as the lMF and the World Bank in order to ensure long-term stability generally has nefarious effects on the process of peacebuilding (Paris, 1997, pp. 66-70). For example, the austerity measures imposed on El Salvador have substantially diminished the resources available for integrating former fighters into civilian life. The result has been an Does Peacebuilding Build Peace? 39 increase in criminal violence against a backdrop of economic recession.
The result for the country is a situation in which the security transition and socio-economic transition are being carried out each to the detriment of the other. This lack of coordination could eventually jeopardise the still-fragile peace that has been negotiated in El Salvador. Peacebuilding carries with it unforeseen risks. It also presents choices that turn out to be more problematic than could have been foreseen from the liberal blueprint. CONCLUSION While the concept of peacebuilding has its limitations and must overcome certain obstacles that we have attempted to identify, the obstacles to its application do not mean that all hope for reconciliation and reconstruction in war-torn countries must be abandoned.
Han (1994). 4. An analysis of the new conditions, which are more conducive to the application of the concept ofpeacebuilding, is presented by C. P. David, eta!. (1997). 5. See report on the Berlin conference edited by W. Kuhne ( 1996). 6. This is what could be inferred from B. Boutros-Ghali op. , p. 22 (reference to 1995 text) as well as B. Boutros-Ghali ( 1994) pp. 5-6; the developmental perspective on peacebuilding is studied by Jean-Franc;:ois Rioux and Robin Hay (1997); by Kenneth Bush (1995); and by Necla Tschirgi (February 7, 1997).
Approaches to Peacebuilding by Ho-Won Jeong (eds.)