Agricultural Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to - download pdf or read online

By Qiguo Zhao, Jikun Huang

ISBN-10: 3642191274

ISBN-13: 9783642191275

As one of many eighteen field-specific reviews comprising the excellent scope of the strategic normal file of the chinese language Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range making plans for constructing technology and expertise within the box of agriculture. They every one craft a roadmap for his or her sphere of improvement to 2050. of their entirety, the overall and sub-group experiences learn the evolution and legislation governing the advance of technology and expertise, describe the decisive impression of technological know-how and know-how at the modernization technique, expect that the realm is at the eve of an drawing close S&T revolution, and phone for China to be totally ready for this new around of S&T development. in response to the particular learn of the calls for on S&T innovation in China’s modernization, the reviews draw a framework for 8 easy and strategic platforms of socio-economic improvement with the aid of technology and know-how, figure out China’s S&T roadmaps for the proper 8 uncomplicated and strategic platforms based on China’s truth, additional aspect S&T projects of strategic value to China’s modernization, and supply S&T decision-makers with entire consultations for the advance of S&T innovation in step with China’s fact. Supported through illustrations and tables of knowledge, the studies supply researchers, executive officers and marketers with assistance bearing on study instructions, the making plans strategy, and funding. based in 1949, the chinese language Academy of Sciences is the nation’s maximum educational establishment in normal sciences. Its significant obligations are to behavior study in simple and technological sciences, to adopt national built-in surveys on usual assets and ecological atmosphere, to supply the rustic with medical facts and consultations for government’s decision-making, to adopt government-assigned tasks with reference to key S&T difficulties within the means of socio-economic improvement, to begin body of workers education, and to advertise China’s high-tech organizations via its energetic engagement in those components.  

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Extra resources for Agricultural Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050

Sample text

China is urgent to make a series of breakthroughs for agricultural development in the following significant technology fields: the utilization of plant germplasm resources and modern breeding; the utilization of animal germplasm resources and modern breeding; the management and safety of resources, agricultural production and food safety; the modernization and informative construction for agriculture. Realizing the above significant innovations and breakthroughs in crucial technology fields by 2020 China’s agriculture must acquire the following diversified technology: the technological supporting qualification for basically improving security of gross national food and fiber supply; the technological supporting qualification for basically ensuring national food safety; the technological supporting qualification for essentially converting the structure of agricultural production; the technological supporting qualification for sustainable utilization and a certain safety improvement of agricultural resources.

With the rapid economic growth, accelerated process of urbanization and industrialization deterioration of water pollution, and the increasing water demand for ecological protection, the threat from water shortages will become more severe for agriculture. The proportion of water for agricultural use has declined from 97% in 1949 to 65% in 2004, and will decline further in 2050 to 40% or even less than 30%. In many regions of China, the rapid industrial development and the rapid increase in water demand from urban population expansion along with income growth has formed fierce competition for limited water resources with agriculture, which threatens food production and food security [16].

The development of an agricultural biofuel industry provides development opportunities for agriculture, and also presents a series of challenges Under global energy crisis, the competition between the demand for agricultural products from the agricultural biofuel industry and the demand for food will become increasingly fierce, and food security will face unprecedented challenges in developing countries. From 2006 to 2007 the expansion of an agriculture-based biofuels industry brought about the universal increase in food prices.

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Agricultural Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050 by Qiguo Zhao, Jikun Huang

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