By F. G. Brickwedde (auth.), K. D. Timmerhaus (eds.)
More than sixty years have elapsed for the reason that Linde first liquefied air on a advertisement scale and ready the way in which for isolating of alternative gaseous combos. His paintings, even though, used to be no longer of an remoted nature. It used to be conceived eighteen years after air had, for the 1st time, been liquefied within the laboratory by way of Pictet in Geneva and Caillete in Paris. Linde's liquefaction of air was once through Dewar's paintings on hydrogen liquefaction in London and via the establishing at Leiden of Kamerlingh Onnes's well-known low temperature laboratory. those advances in low temperature or cryogenic expertise have led to the institution of a very new and thriving undefined. Cryogenic engineering is worried with constructing and bettering low temperature strategies, suggestions, and kit; opting for the actual houses of structural and similar fabrics utilized in generating, conserving, and utilizing low temperatures; and the sensible program of low temperature concepts and tactics. those low tempera tures are under these often encountered in refrigerating engineering. it is vitally tricky to assign a distinct temperature which serves to divide refrigerating engineering from cryogenic engineering. A temperature under _lSOoC, in spite of the fact that, is mostly linked to cryogenic engineering.
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Additional info for Advances in Cryogenic Engineering: Proceedings of the 1954 Cryogenic Engineering Conference National Bureau of Standards Boulder, Colorado September 8–10 1954
C. Collins and H. O. McMahon were working on the development of a helium liquefier which eventually lead to the ADL-Collins Helium Cryostat. Although this device is commonly used as a helium liquefier, it is interesting to note that, as its name implies, it was originally designed to serve as a helium refrigerated cryostat which could be operated at any temperature from room temperature down to liquid helium temperature. After a few years of engineering experience with the ADL-Collins Helium Cryostat, Arthur D.
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It should be emphasized that the equipment discussed here has gone far beyond the research and development stage. It is no longer laboratory equipment or equipment to be handled by a limited number of people. Some liquid oxygen systems installed in fighter type aircraft have been in continuous use in pilot training aircraft for over 2 years. The systems have been serviced by regular flight line personnel and have performed their function in an entirely satisfactory manner. Neither is the oxygen equipment delicate nor subject to mysterious malfunctions.
Advances in Cryogenic Engineering: Proceedings of the 1954 Cryogenic Engineering Conference National Bureau of Standards Boulder, Colorado September 8–10 1954 by F. G. Brickwedde (auth.), K. D. Timmerhaus (eds.)