By Teodoro A. Llamzon S.J. (auth.)
BY J. C. ANCEAUX because the visual appeal of Brugmann's well-known article at the relation ships of the Indo-European languages in 1884, the topic of sub grouping of languages as a methodological challenge has been raised merely sometimes. To this obvious loss of curiosity in an immense element in comparative linguistics numerous explanations may be assigned. certainly one of them is consensus has been reached in regards to the major outlines of the family-tree for the language-family which has got extra awareness than the other: the Indo-European. one other clarification is that for many of the branches of this relatives historic fabrics can be found that have proved very necessary for the reconstruction of the inter mediate levels among the proto-Ianguage ande the modem languages. For a couple of branches in basic terms has the matter of subgrouping been an issue for dialogue (e.g. Germanic). exact realization, despite the fact that, can be anticipated from those that began to follow the comparative ways to different language-families. This cognizance did come ahead, although now not instantly, simply because linguists first needed to care for the issues of proving the life of the family members in query and figuring out which languages belonged to it. For the Austronesian languages severe attemps to reach at a lin guistic class begun rather past due. convinced situations of nearer relationships have been noticeable sufficient to be well-known very early ( e.g.
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Extra resources for A Subgrouping of Nine Philippine Languages
Haqqen, and Ka. hakqen, hiakqen 'I' imply a proto-form siqaken. g. MI. si Kasim 'Kasim', TB. si Horas 'Horace', Jv. si Tomo 'TomO', Chamorro si nana 'mother', Tg. si ama 'father', Se. si tu:ni 'Tony', Hi. si pidru 'Peter', H. hi wi:gan 'Wigan', Ka. hi bihtay 'Bistay' etc. 9). The Ib. form seems to have originated from *siqaken, which by loss of q became *siaken, and then by contraction sa:kan. The H. form could have originated from *siqaken, which by metathesis became *hiaqqon (*k > H. 5), and finally by contraction of vowels became haqqon, which is the form for 'I' in Guhang Hugao; the vowel e in the Bayninan form haqqen is unexplained (but notice that it is like Ka.
44. 45. *buqaya 'crocodile' *Danaw 48 'lake' *silew 'glare' *kahiw 'wood' *sakay 'mount' 46. *patey 'dead' 47. *babuy 51 'pig' 48. *qutek 'brain' *Wanak 'child' *Xl apuy 'fire' *X2epat 'four' *x3enem 'six' *asin 'salt' 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 Tg. Se. Hi. SL. li:bu li:bu li:bu ri:bu su:lat tampal tal im lima mata su:lat sulat tampal talum lima mata surat tarum lima mata na:naq namuk l3 a13 a su:su salamiI:J bugas walu tal um lima mata na:naq namuk l3 a13 a su:su salamin bigas walu su:su salamin bugas walu na:naq namuk 13 3113 a su:su salamiI:J 45 bugas walu buwa:ya da:naw si:law ka:huy 50 sakiy buwa:ya danaw si:law ka:huy sakiy buqa:ya danaw si:law ka:huy sakay buqa:ya da:naw si:law ka:huy sakay patay ba:buy qu:tak 53 qanak qapuy qa:pat 55 qa:nim 57 qasin patay ba:buy qu:tuk qanak patay ba:buy qu:tuk qanak patay ba:buy qu:tuk qanak qupat qunum qasin qa:pat qa:num qasin qupat qu:num qasin na:naq namuk l3~a Bugarin gives the fonn dibu; the Preliminary Studies gives ribu.
Kuwa:ta, Ka. quka:ta 'ours (dual)' imply a protoform kuwata, which appears to contain *kuwa and PMP. , Ka. ta 'ours (dual)'. The Ka. form may have been originally *kua:ta; by metathesis it became quka:ta. 5 H. kuwatuqu, Ka. quka:taku 'ours (inclusive)' imply a protoform kuwataku, which appears to contain *kuwa and *taku, which is the H. and Ka. free nominative form for the first person plural inclusive. 1). The H. form may have been originally *kuwataqu; by assimilation, the a vowel of the penult became u before the u in the ultima.
A Subgrouping of Nine Philippine Languages by Teodoro A. Llamzon S.J. (auth.)